Can. 7 A law comes into being when it is promulgated.
Can. 8 §1 Universal ecclesiastical laws are promulgated by publication in the 'Acta
Apostolicae Sedis', unless in particular cases another manner of promulgation has been
prescribed. They come into force only on the expiry of three months from the date
appearing on the particular issue of the 'Acta', unless because of the nature of the case
they bind at once, or unless a shorter or a longer interval has been specifically and
expressly prescribed m the law itself.
§2 Particular laws are promulgated in the manner determined by the legislator; they
begin to oblige one month from the date of promulgation, unless a different period is
prescribed in the law itself.
Can. 9 Laws concern matters of the future, not those of the past, unless provision is
made in them for the latter by name.
Can. 10 Only those laws are to be considered invalidating or incapacitating which
expressly prescribe that an act is null or that a person is incapable.
Can. 11 Merely ecclesiastical laws bind those who were baptized in the catholic Church
or received into it, and who have a sufficient use of reason and, unless the law expressly
provides otherwise, who have completed their seventh year of age.
Can. 12 §1 Universal laws are binding everywhere on all those for whom they were
§2 All those actually present in a particular territory in which certain universal
laws are not in force, are exempt from those laws.
§3 Without prejudice to the provisions of can. 13, laws enacted for a particular
territory bind those for whom they were enacted and who have a domicile or quasidomicile
in that territory and are actually residing in it.
Can. 13 §1 Particular laws are not presumed to be personal, but rather territorial,
unless the contrary is clear.
§2 Peregrini are not bound:
1° by the particular laws of their own territory while they are absent from it, unless
the transgression of those laws causes harm in their own territory, or unless the laws are
2° by the laws of the territory in which they are present, except for those laws which
take care of public order, or determine the formalities of legal acts, or concern
immovable property located in the territory.
§3 Vagi are bound by both the universal and the particular laws which are in force in
the place in which they are present.
Can. 14 Laws, even invalidating and incapacitating ones, do not oblige when there is a
doubt of law. When there is a doubt of fact, however Ordinaries can dispense from them
provided, if there is question of a reserved dispensation, it is one which the authority
to whom it is reserved Is accustomed to grant.
Can. 15 §1 Ignorance or error concerning invalidating or incapacitating laws does not
prevent the effect of those laws, unless it is expressly provided otherwise.
§2 Ignorance or error is not presumed about a law, a penalty, a fact concerning
oneself, or a notorious fact concerning another. It is presumed about a fact concerning
another which is not notorious, until the contrary is proved.
Can. 16 §1 Laws are authentically interpreted by the legislator and by that person to
whom the legislator entrusts the power of authentic interpretation.
§2 An authentic interpretation which is presented by way of a law has the same force
as the law itself, and must be promulgated. If it simply declares the sense of words which
are certain in themselves, it has retroactive force. If it restricts or extends the law or
resolves a doubt, it is not retroactive.
§3 On the other hand, an interpretation by way of a court judgment or of an
administrative act in a particular case, does not have the force of law. It binds only
those persons and affects only those matters for which it was given.
Can. 17 Ecclesiastical laws are to be understood according to the proper meaning of the
words considered in their text and context. If the meaning remains doubtful or obscure,
there must be recourse to parallel places, if there be any, to the purpose and
circumstances of the law, and to the mind of the legislator.
Can. 18 Laws which prescribe a penalty, or restrict the free exercise of rights, or
contain an exception to the law, are to be interpreted strictly.
Can. 19 If on a particular matter there is not an express provision of either universal
or particular law, nor a custom, then, provided it is not a penal matter, the question is
to be decided by taking into account laws enacted in similar matters, the general
principles of law observed with canonical equity, the jurisprudence and practice of the
Roman Curia, and the common and constant opinion of learned authors.
Can. 20 A later law abrogates or derogates from an earlier law, if it expressly so
states, or if it is directly contrary to that law, or if it integrally reorders the whole
subject matter of the earlier law. A universal law, however, does not derogate from a
particular or from a special law, unless the law expressly provides otherwise.
Can. 21 In doubt, the revocation of a previous law is not presumed; rather, later laws
are to be related to earlier ones and, as far as possible, harmonized with them.
Can. 22 When the law of the Church remits some issue to the civil law, the latter is to be observed with the same effects in canon law, insofar as it is not contrary to divine law, and provided it is not otherwise stipulated in canon law.
Jesus Explained The Eucharist The Day After Feeding The 5000
"Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him." John 6:53-56
Jesus Gave Us The Eucharist For All Time The Night Before He Died
"While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, "Take and eat; this is my body." Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins. " Matthew 26:26-28
Today Some Cannot Accept The Gift Just As It Was In The Time Of Jesus
"'But there are some of you who do not believe.' Jesus knew from the beginning the ones who would not believe and the one who would betray him. And he said, 'For this reason I have told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by my Father.' As a result of this, many (of) his disciples returned to their former way of life and no longer accompanied him. Jesus then said to the Twelve, 'Do you also want to leave?' Simon Peter answered him, 'Master, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.'" John 6:64-68
Jesus Explained That Eternal Life Is Gained Through The Spirit - Not Through The Flesh
Jesus' Flesh And Blood Are Of Divine Nature (Spirit) And Not Of This World (Flesh)
"It is the spirit that gives life, while the flesh is of no avail. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and life." John 6:64-68
It's NOT Just Bread And Wine - It's NOT Just Crackers And Grape Juice
Jesus Gave Us The Eucharist To Nourish Us Until He Returns
Come Home To HIS Church And Accept HIS Holy Flesh And Blood
"Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me." Luke 10:16
Automated Translation From English - Always Rely On The Church For Complete Understanding
My objective in building this site is to spread the truth of the Christian Faith - the truth of the Catholic Faith. Many of our brothers and sisters are misinformed or have no knowledge about our Catholic Faith. If you find this site useful and informative, please provide a link. What I profess is freely available to all. Join the evangelization effort of the new millennium. All scripture references are taken from the New American Bible, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 3211 4th Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20017-1194 (202) 541-3000 - December 09, 2002 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops June 03, 2003 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Copyright © of some material on this site is held by other parties.
DO NOT IMPROPERLY REPRODUCE ANY MATERIAL WITHOUT SPECIFIC PERMISSION OF THE COPYRIGHT HOLDER.