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Section B


BAPTISM: The first of the seven sacraments, and the "door" which gives access to the other sacraments. Baptism is the first and chief sacrament of forgiveness of sins because it unites us with Christ, who died for our sins and rose for our justification. Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist constitute the "sacraments of initiation" by which a believer receives the remission of original and personal sin, begins a new life in Christ and the Holy Spirit, and is incorporated into the Church, the Body of Christ. The rite of Baptism consists in immersing the candidate in water, or pouring water on the head, while pronouncing the invocation of the Most Holy Trinity: the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit

of adults, 1247-49
apostles and the mission of baptizing, 1223, 1276
Baptismal promises, 1185, 1254, 2101, 2340
of blood, 1258
catechumens, their instruction and, 281
catechumens who die without baptism and salvation, 1259, 1281
chastity and, 2345, 2348, 2355
Christian life rooted in, 1266
Christian name and, 2156, 2165
Christ s Passion and cross as the font of, 1225
the Church and, 846, 866, 1226-28, 1267
conversion and, 1427-29
desire for, 1258-60, 1280
faith and, 172, 1226, 1236, 1253-55
grace of, 1262-66, 1308
grace of Christ and, 1255, 1262-74, 1279, 1997, 1999
Holy Spirit and, 691, 694, 698, 701, 798, 1274, 2017, 2670
of infants, 403, 1231, 1233, 1250-52, 1282, 1290
infants who have died without, 1261, 1283
of Jesus, 535-37, 556, 565, 608, 701, 1223-25, 1286
of John the Baptist, 523, 720
names for, 1214-16
necessity of, 846, 1257-61, 1277
Passion of Christ and, 565, 1225
prefigurings of, 117, 527, 1094, 1217-22
profession of faith and, 14, 167, 189, 1064
religious consecration and, 916, 931, 945
as the sacrament of faith, 1236, 1253
significance of, 628, 950, 1213-14, 1220, 1227-28, 1234-45, 1262, 1617
those who can be baptized, 1246-47
unity of Christians and, 855, 1271
See also Sacraments


administration and rites of Baptism

anointing with oil and, 1294
exorcism in the celebration of, 1673
faculty of laypersons for conferring, 903
godfather, godmother, parents, and, 1255, 1311
handing on of the Lord s Prayer in, 2769
ministers of, 1256, 1284
rite of, 1185, 1229-45, 1278, 2769
water and its symbolic power in, 694, 1214, 1217

Baptism and sacraments, 1113, 1210, 1535

and Anointing of the Sick, 1523
and Christian initiation, 1212, 1229-33, 1275, 1285, 1306, 1318, 1321, 1525, 1533
and Confirmation, 1288-91, 1298, 1304-06, 1312-13
and the Eucharist, 1244, 1392, 1396
and Penance, 980, 1425, 1446-47, 2042

effects of Baptism, 1262

apostolate, offices following from Baptism, 871, 900, 1268
communion with the Church, 838, 846, 1267-70, 1273, 1277, 1279
consecration to holy priesthood, 119, 1141, 1305, 1546, 1591
entering the Church, the People of God, 782, 784, 804, 846, 950, 1185, 1277
final salvation and Baptism, 1023, 2068
forgiveness of sins, 403, 405, 628, 977-80, 981, 985, 1213, 1216, 1262-66, 1279, 1434, 1694, 2520
gift of faith and of new life, 168, 1236, 1253-55
gift of the theological virtues and the gifts of the Holy Spirit as well as the virtue of merit, 1266
justification and Baptism, 1987, 1992, 2020, 2813
life-giving effect of the Word of God, 1228
makes of us members of Christ s body, 537, 818, 871, 950, 985, 1003, 1267-70, 1279, 1694, 2565, 2782, 2791, 2798
a new creature born in the Spirit, 168, 507, 683, 1010, 1227, 1262, 1265-66, 1277, 1279
participation in the life of the Trinity, 265
rights and duties arising from Baptism, 1269-70
sacramental character, an indelible spiritual mark, 1272-74, 1280
sanctification and Baptism, 2813
union in Baptism with Christ who died, 790, 1002, 1010, 1227

BEATIFIC VISION: The contemplation of God in heavenly glory, a gift of God which is a constitutive element of the happiness (or beatitude) of heaven (1028, 1720).

BEATITUDE: Happiness or blessedness, especially the eternal happiness of heaven, which is described as the vision of God, or entering into God's rest by those whom He makes "partakers of the divine nature".

attaining divine beatitude through Baptism, 1257
and the desire for happiness, 1718, 2548
effects of, 1721
free gift of God, 1720-22, 1727
God as our, 257, 1731, 1855
hope and eternal, 1818
human person destined for eternal, 1700, 1703, 1711, 1769, 1818, 1934, 2548
man s vocation to, 1700, 1934
sin turns man away from God and from His, 1855, 1863, 1874, 1949

BEATITUDES: The teachings of Jesus in the Sermon on the Mount on the meaning and way to true happiness (cf. Mt 5:1-12; Lk 6: 20-23). These teachings reflect the promises made to the chosen people since Abraham; they portray the countenance of Christ and describe his charity. More- over, by shedding light on the actions and attitudes characteristic of the Christian life, they describe the vocation of all the faithful (1716).

BIBLE: Sacred Scripture: the books which contain the truth of God's Revelation and were composed by human authors inspired by the Holy Spirit (105). The Bible contains both the forty-six books of the Old Testament and the twenty-seven books of the New Testament (120). See Old Testament; New Testament.

BIBLICAL INSPIRATION: The gift of the Holy Spirit which assisted a human author to write a biblical book so that it has God as its author and teaches faithfully, without error, the saving truth that God has willed to be consigned to us (105).

BISHOP: One who has received the fullness of the Sacrament of Holy Orders, which makes him a member of the episcopal college and a successor of the Apostles. He is the shepherd of a particular church entrusted to him.

Bishop of Rome (see Supreme Pontiff)
chair of, 1184
collaborators of, 927, 1562-68, 1570
episcopal college, 857, 877, 879-87, 1577
episcopal ordination, 1555-61, 1572
as the living image of God the Father, 1549
and the priesthood, 1567
as the successor of the Apostles, 77, 861-62
See also Holy Orders, sacrament of: three degrees of the sacrament of Holy Orders


office of bishop

authority to make particular judgments, 919, 1483, 1673
consecrates the sacred chrism, 1297
governs, 816, 873, 894-96
has care of the particular Church, 1560, 1594
as minister of Confirmation, 1299, 1312-13
as minister of Holy Orders, 1538, 1569, 1576
as minister of reconciliation, 1462 (see also Penance and Reconciliation)
presides at the Eucharistic celebration, 1142, 1561
responsibility for the Eucharist, 1369
sanctifies, 893
tasks in Christian initiation, in Baptism, Confirmation, and the Eucharist, 1120-21

BLASPHEMY: Speech, thought, or action involving contempt for God or the Church, or persons or things dedicated to God. Blasphemy is directly opposed to the second commandment.

gravity of, 1031, 1756, 1856
Jesus accused of, 574
oaths and, 2149
significance of, 2148, 2162

BLESSED SACRAMENT: A name given to the Holy Eucharist, especially the consecrated elements reserved in the tabernacle for adoration, or for the sick (1330).

BLESSING: A blessing or benediction is a prayer invoking God's power and care upon some person, place, thing, or undertaking. The prayer of benediction acknowledges God as the source of all blessing. Some blessings confer a permanent status: consecration of persons to God, or setting things apart for liturgical usage.

baptized persons called to be, 1669
of bread and wine, 1000, 1334-35, 1347, 1353, 1412
the Church s, 1082, 1217, 1245, 1624, 1630, 1671-72
death as, 1009
the Eucharist and, 1328, 1360, 1402
the Father blesses Mary in a singular way, 492, 2676
forms of, 2627
God s, 1077-82, 1110, 2627, 2644
grace at meals, 2834
large families and divine, 2373
prayer and, 2589, 2767, 2781, 2803
significance of, 1078, 2626, 2645

BODY OF CHRIST: (1) The human body which the Son of God assumed through his conception in the womb of Mary and which is now glorified in heaven (467, 476, 645). (2) This same Body and Blood, together with the soul and divinity, of our Lord Jesus Christ are sacramentally present in the Eucharist under the appearances of bread and wine (1374). (3) The Church is called the (mystical) Body of Christ because of the intimate communion which Jesus shares with his disciples; the metaphor of a body, whose head is Christ and whose members are the faithful, provides an image which keeps in focus both the unity and the diversity of the Church.

becoming, 1213, 1267
Christians as, 521, 738-39, 793, 795-96, 1988
diversity of, 791, 873
divisions between, 821
Holy Spirit as the principle vital to, 798
unity and communion of, 790-91, 797, 947, 953, 1368, 1396, 1469
See also Church: the Church as the mystical body of Christ

Back To Catechism Index

Jesus Explained The Eucharist The Day After Feeding The 5000

"Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him." John 6:53-56


Jesus Gave Us The Eucharist For All Time The Night Before He Died

"While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, "Take and eat; this is my body." Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins. " Matthew 26:26-28


Today Some Cannot Accept The Gift Just As It Was In The Time Of Jesus

"'But there are some of you who do not believe.' Jesus knew from the beginning the ones who would not believe and the one who would betray him. And he said, 'For this reason I have told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by my Father.' As a result of this, many (of) his disciples returned to their former way of life and no longer accompanied him. Jesus then said to the Twelve, 'Do you also want to leave?' Simon Peter answered him, 'Master, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.'" John 6:64-68


Jesus Explained That Eternal Life Is Gained Through The Spirit - Not Through The Flesh

Jesus' Flesh And Blood Are Of Divine Nature (Spirit) And Not Of This World (Flesh)

"It is the spirit that gives life, while the flesh is of no avail. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and life.John 6:64-68


It's NOT Just Bread And Wine - It's NOT Just Crackers And Grape Juice

Jesus Gave Us The Eucharist To Nourish Us Until He Returns

Come Home To HIS Church And Accept HIS Holy Flesh And Blood


"Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me." Luke 10:16





Do Not Reject HIS Church

Do Not Reject HIM







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Automated Translation From English - Always Rely On The Church For Complete Understanding



My objective in building this site is to spread the truth of the Christian Faith - the truth of the Catholic Faith. Many of our brothers and sisters are misinformed or have no knowledge about our Catholic Faith. If you find this site useful and informative, please provide a link. What I profess is freely available to all. Join the evangelization effort of the new millennium. All scripture references are taken from the New American Bible, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 3211 4th Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20017-1194 (202) 541-3000 - December 09, 2002 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops June 03, 2003 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Copyright © of some material on this site is held by other parties.