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Section C

CALUMNY: A false statement which harms the reputation of others and gives occasion for false judgments concerning them (2477). See Slander.

CANON LAW: The rules (canons or laws) which provide the norms for good order in the visible society of the Church. Those canon laws that apply universally are contained in the Codes of Canon Law. The most recent Code of Canon Law was promulgated in 1983 for the Latin (Western) Church and in 1991 for the Eastern Church (The Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches).

CANON OF THE MASS: The central part of the Mass, also known as the Eucharistic Prayer or "anaphora," which contains the prayer of thanksgiving and consecration (1352).

CANON OF SCRIPTURE: The Church's complete list of sacred books of the Bible (120).

CANONIZATION: The solemn declaration by the Pope that a deceased member of the faithful may be proposed as a model and intercessor to the Christian faithful and venerated as a saint on the basis of the fact that the person lived a life of heroic virtue or remained faithful to God through martyrdom (828; cf. 957).

CAPITAL SINS: Sins which engender other sins and vices. They are traditionally numbered as seven: pride, covetousness, envy, anger, gluttony, lust, and sloth (1866).

CARDINAL VIRTUES: Four pivotal human virtues (from the Latin carbo, "pivot"): prudence, justice, fortitude, and temperance. The human virtues are stable dispositions of the intellect and will that govern our acts, order our passions, and guide our conduct in accordance with reason and faith (1805, 1834). See Virtue.

CATECHESIS: An education of children, young people, and adults in the faith of the Church through the teaching of Christian doctrine in an organic and systematic way to make them disciples of Jesus Christ. Those who perform the ministry of catechists in the Church are called "catechists".

Christ as the living center of, 426-27, 1697-98, 2145
and Christian initiation, 1233, 1248
and the commandments, 2065
and creation, 282
and the Creed, 188
and the liturgy, 1074-75, 1095, 1135
and the Magisterium of the Church, 2033, 2049
and popular piety, 1674
and prayer, 2688, 2695
moral catechesis of the apostolic teachings, 1971
nature and purpose of, 4-7, 426, 983, 1095, 2688
and Sacred Scripture, 132
See also Doctrine: Christian doctrine

CATECHISM: A popular summary or compendium of Catholic doctrine about faith and morals and designed for use in catechists.

adaptation to different cultures, 24
as the organic presentation of the faith in its entirety, 18
pastoral principle of, 25
preparation of, 10
principal sources of, 11
purpose of, 11
structure of, 13-17
to whom it is addressed, 12

CATECHUMEN: A person who is preparing for Baptism. The catechumenate is the formation of these catechumens in preparation for their Christian Initiation, and aims at bringing their conversion and their faith to maturity within the occlusal community (1248). The candidates are anointed with oil of catechumens by which they are strengthened in their conversion from sin and renunciation of Satan.

and charity, 1248-49
the Church and, 1249, 1537
instruction of, 281
Lord s Prayer and, 2769
oil of, 1294
and the profession of faith, 168, 256, 1253
salvation of, 1259, 1281

CATHEDRAL: The official church of the bishop of a diocese. The Greek word cathedra means chair or throne; the bishop's "chair" symbolizes his teaching and governing authority, and is located in the principal church or "cathedral" of the local diocese of which he is the chief pastor (cf. 1572).

CATHOLIC: One of the four marks or notes of the Church, taken from the Nicene Creed. The Church is catholic or universal both because she possesses the fullness of Christ's presence and the means of salvation, and because she has been sent out by Christ on a mission to the whole of the human race (750, 830).

CATHOLIC CHURCH: The Church established by Christ on the foundation of the Apostles, possessing the fullness of the means of salvation which he has willed: correct and complete confession of faith, full sacramental life, and ordained ministry in apostolic succession (830).

CELIBACY: The state or condition of those who have chosen to remain unmarried for the sake of the kingdom of heaven in order to give themselves entirely to God and to the service of his people. In the Latin Church, celibacy is obligatory for bishops and priests. In some Eastern Churches, celibacy is a prerequisite for the ordination only of bishops; priests may not marry after they have been ordained.

and chastity, 2349
consecrated life and, 915
Eastern Churches and, 1580
Latin Church and the celibacy of priests, 1579, 1599
single persons and pastoral care, 1658

CHARACTER, SACRAMENTAL: An indelible spiritual mark which is the permanent effect of the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, by which a person is given a new permanent configuration to Christ and a specific standing in the Church; the reception of these sacraments is never repeated (1272, 1304, 1582).

CHARISM: A specific gift or grace of the Holy Spirit which directly or indirectly benefits the Church, given in order to help a person live out the Christian life, or to serve the common good in building up the Church.

communion of, 951
of consecrated life, 924, 1175
discernment of, 801
Holy Spirit and, 688, 798, 800, 809, 1508, 2003, 2024, 2684
of infallibility, 890, 2035
of the laity, 910
significance and purpose of, 799, 800, 2003
of truth and growth in faith, 94
See also Holy Spirit

CHARITY: The theological virtue by which we love God above all things for his own sake, and our neighbor as ourselves for the love of God.

apathy and indifference contrary to, 2094
call to, 1694, 2013
catechesis and, 25, 1967, 1971
communion in, 953, 1475
destroyed by mortal sin, 1855-56, 1861, 1874
heart as the seat of, 1853
indulgence and, 1478
information and, 2489, 2494-95, 2497
as loving one s neighbor, 1822-29
"never ends," 25
offended and wounded by venial sin, 1855, 1863, 1875
wipes away venial sins, 1394, 1472
See also Love

charity and sacraments

Baptism and, 1269, 1273, 1997, 2156, 2165
catechumens and, 1248-49
Eucharist as the sacrament of, 1323, 1394-95, 1416
marriage and, 1570, 1654
sacrament of Reconciliation and, 1434, 1466
sacramental life and growth in, 1134
sacraments of initiation and advancement in, 1212

charity as Christian moral life

charisms and, 800, 2003
chastity and, 2346
as the form of the virtues, 826, 1827, 1841, 1844
freedom and, 1740
fruit of, 1825, 1829
as the goal of our actions, 1829
peace as the fruit of, 2304
as the perfection of Christian life, 1844, 1973
prayer and, 2098, 2662, 2806
virtue of religion and, 2095

charity as witness and service

among the members of the Mystical Body, 791
the Church as the community of, 771, 815, 834
deacons and the service of, 1570, 1588, 1596
family as the school of Christian, 1657, 1666, 2204-05
love of country and the order of, 2239
Mary as the model of, 967-68
material goods and the order of, 2401, 2439, 2451, 2459, 2545
parish as a place of, 2179
religious life and, 915-16, 926
renunciation of violent action and the witness of, 2306
saints as a model of, 2156, 2165
secular institutes and, 928
as a social commandment, 1889
society of apostolic life and, 930
solidarity and, 1939, 1942
as the soul of the apostolate, 864
towards neighbor, 1789, 1878, 1931-32, 2447, 2462

theological virtues of charity, 1813, 1822, 1826, 1841, 1844

faith and, 162, 1794, 1814, 2093
and the freedom of the children of God, 1828
grace of Christ as the source of, 2011
hope and, 1818, 2090
as love of God and neighbor, 1822, 1840, 1844, 2055, 2086, 2093
as loving according to Christ's love, 1823, 1825
new Law and, 1965-66, 1968, 1972-74
perseverance in, 1824
as the soul of holiness, 826
as the source of merits, 2011, 2026

CHASTITY: The moral virtue which, under the cardinal virtue of temperance, provides for the successful integration of sexuality within the person leading to the inner unity of the bodily and spiritual being. Chastity is called one of the fruits of the Holy Spirit.

and Baptism, 2345, 2348, 2355
call to, 2337, 2348, 2394
and charity, 2346
conjugal chastity and marriage, 2365, 2368
consecrated life and, 915, 944
following Christ and, 2053
friendship and, 2347
Holy Spirit at the origin of the virtue of, 1832, 2345
and homosexuality, 2357-59
increase in, 2343
meaning of, 2395
offenses against, 2351-56, 2396
pure hearts and, 2518, 2520, 2532
stages of growth in, 2339, 2341, 2344, 2346, 2395
and states of life, 2348-50
temperance, the virtue that directs, 2341
of those engaged to marry, 1632, 2350

CHOIR: A group of persons trained to lead in the singing at liturgical celebrations (1143).

CHRISM: Perfumed oil, consecrated by the bishop, which signifies the gift of the Holy Spirit. Chrism is used for consecration in the Sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders.

anointing with sacred, 1241, 1289, 1291, 1294, 1312, 1574
Confirmation and, 1289, 1297, 1300, 1312, 1320
consecration of, 1297
reservation of the sacred, 1183

CHRISMATION: The name used in the Eastern Churches for the Sacrament of Confirmation, from the "chrism" or "myron" used in the anointing (1289).

CHRIST: From the Greek translation of the Hebrew Messiah, which means "anointed." It became the name proper to Jesus because he accomplished perfectly the divine mission of priest, prophet, and King, signified by his anointing as Messiah, "Christ".

Body of Christ

change of the bread into, 1106, 1333, 1353, 1376, 1411, 1413
communion and, 1385
communion of Christian faithful in Christ and, 948, 960
daily bread and, 2835, 2837, 2861
death of Christ and of His body, 627, 630
Eucharist and the, 1323, 1331, 1339, 1374-75, 1382, 1391, 1393, 1416
glorification of Christ's body, 659
Holy Spirit and, 797-98, 1084, 1108
Mary and the, 466, 488, 973
offering the sacrifice of Christ's body, 606, 610, 621
resurrection of, 640, 645-46, 648, 657
true humanity of, 476
veneration of, 103, 141

Christ and the Church

Christ

beginning, foundation and Head of the Church, 2, 424, 551-53, 771, 778, 807, 864, 874
bestows qualities on the Church, 811, 889-90
leads the Church, 551, 852, 1547
only gateway, 754
origin of the Church, 424, 763-67
origin of the Church's Magisterium, 88
pillar of the Church, 820, 822-24, 830, 837, 869, 1076, 1547
presence in the Church, 775, 779, 1119
priesthood, 941, 1544-45

the Church

Baptism and Christ, 1261
Body of Christ, 787-96, 805
bride of Christ, 757, 772-73, 796, 808, 823, 867, 926, 1617
communion with Christ, 787-89
guardian of God's Word, 171
sacrament of Christ's action, 118
coming of Christ and perfection of the Church, 769
liturgy and the mystery of Christ, 1164-65, 1201, 1204 (see also Liturgy)
memorial sacrifice of Christ, 1341, 1358, 1362-72, 1409 (see also Sacrifice)

Christ's mystery made actual

being witnesses to Christ, 942, 995, 1816
believing in Christ, 161, 1709, 1715, 2074
catechesis and the mystery of Christ, 90, 1075
Christ's love, 478, 609
Christ's mystery celebrated in the liturgy, 1174
Christ's mystery considered in prayer, 2708
common features of Christ's mysteries, 516-18
communion with Christ, 957, 977, 985, 989, 1025, 1196, 1303, 1309, 1331, 1361, 1382, 1391, 1395-96, 2014, 2182
conversion to Christ, 1426-28, 1470
dying in Christ, 1005-14, 1681
following Christ, 916, 918, 923, 932, 1435, 1697, 2053, 2232-33, 2253, 2466, 2708
imitating Christ, 1694
living according to Christ, 2046
living in Christ, 2038
to love Christ, 166
man's communion with Christ, 519, 521, 562
to be members of Christ, 1213, 1241, 1265, 1271-72, 1279
new Covenant of Christ, 762, 781
rising with Christ, 1002-04

mysteries of Christ's life, 512-18

Christ's Incarnation

born of the Virgin Mary, 487-507
Christ, 436-40, 453
Christ, Person of the Trinity, 249, 258-59
Christ, the visible image of God, 241, 477, 1559
conceived of the Holy Spirit, 437, 484-86, 490-93, 496, 498-99, 502, 504-05
"God sent his own Son," 422
Incarnation of the Word, 456, 461-63
Jesus, 430-35, 452
Lord, 446-51, 455
only begotten Son, 441-45, 454
preparation for the coming of Christ, 522-24

infancy

announcement to the shepherds, 437
birth, 525-26
childhood, 527-30
circumcision, 527
Epiphany, 528
flight into Egypt and its significance, 530
life in Nazareth, 531, 534
presentation in the temple and its significance, 529

public life

accusations against Jesus, 574-76
ascent to Jerusalem, 557-58, 569
baptism, 535-37, 1223-25
beginning of, 535
Christ and the fulfillment of the Law, 577-82, 592
entrance into Jerusalem, 559-60, 570
exorcisms, 550, 1673
healings, 517, 582, 695, 1151, 1503-05, 2616
Jesus brothers and sisters, 500
Last Supper, 610-11, 1339-40
mission of the apostles, 553, 858-60, 862, 873, 877, 935, 981, 1122, 1536, 1575
proclamation of the Kingdom, 543-46
temptations, 538-40, 566
Transfiguration, 554-56, 568

Christ's submission

effects of, 517
to the Father, 1009, 1019
to His parents, 532, 564
to the Law, 527

prayer

Christ hears our prayers, 2616
Christ teaches us how to pray, 2607-15, 2621
Jesus as the perfect example of prayer, 2620
Jesus prays, 2599-2606, 2701, 2741
the Lord's Prayer, 2759-2865 (see also "Our Father," the prayer)
prayer of the Hour of Jesus, 2746-51, 2758
priestly Prayer of Jesus, 2604

preaching and its main subjects

Beatitudes, 1716-17, 1820
call to conversion, 1427, 1430, 1439, 1989, 2608
charity, 1823, 2055
Commandments, 2054, 2076, 2083
duties to one's family, 2218
eternal life, 2052
forgiveness, 1933, 2262, 2842
Gehenna (eternal damnation), 1034
idolatry, 2113
Jesus revealed by the Holy Spirit, 728
kingdom of God, 541-46, 2826
the "Last Day," 678
love of God, 2055, 2083, 2093, 2133-34 (see also Love)
love of neighbor, 1970, 2196
love the poor, 2443, 2449, 2463
marital fidelity, 2380
matrimony, 1614-15, 2382
oath-taking, 2153-54
Penance and Reconciliation, 1441, 1443
poverty, 2544, 2546
purity, 2336
respect for the goods of another, 2412
resurrection, 993
scandal, 2285
sin, 1858
vigilance of heart, 2730

the Passion

agony in Gethsemani, 612
crucifixion and sacrifice of, 616-17
effects of Christ s Passion, 1708, 1992, 2020
hour of, 730
meaning of, 713
necessity of Christ's Passion, 607
offering of, 621
trial, 595-98
union with, 1521-22, 1532

death

burial of Christ, 624-30
of Christ as an offering, 606-18
of Christ as Redemption, 573, 599-605, 619
Christ s descent into hell, 631-37
death of Christ and Baptism as death with Christ to sin, 628, 790, 1214
effects and significance of, 634, 636-37
God's saving plan and, 571-72

Resurrection

appearances of, 641-44, 645
Christ s body preserved from corruption, 627
corporeity of the risen Christ, 645-46
day of Jesus', 1166-67, 2191
day of Jesus resurrection as a new creation, 2174
different from that of others, 646
empty tomb, 640

the Eucharist, memorial of Jesus death and, 1163, 1166-67, 1337

for man's justification, 519
and man's resurrection, 992-1004
Old Testament, promises and Christ's, 652
a real event historically verified, 639, 643-45, 656
saving aspect of Jesus', 654-55, 658
significance of Christ's, 272, 638, 651-55
as supreme truth, 638, 651, 653, 991
as a transcendent event, 645-48, 656
as a work of the Holy Spirit, 648

Ascension

Christ s ascension as his final apparition, 659
consequences of Christ's, 661, 663, 666-67
glorification of Christ, 312
significance of Christ's, 662, 664-65, 668

coming of Christ

the Church and the glorious coming of Christ, 769

the Church's final trial, 675-77
desire for and hope of, 671, 673
last judgment and, 1038-40
moment of, 673
purpose of, 216, 457-58, 460, 678-79, 681-82
renewal of the world and, 1042-43, 2818

mystery of Christ's unity

Christ and the Holy Spirit

Christ gives the Spirit, 667, 730-31, 739, 1287

Holy Spirit and the mystery of Christ, 1099, 1104-07

relation between, 739, 747, 797, 1108

eternal Son of God

assuming a human nature, 461-63, 485, 488, 497

Christ as the revelation of the Father, 73, 221, 238-42, 2798
Christ as the way to the Father, 2609
Christ's filial prayer, 2605
Christ's incarnation, 479, 485, 488, 497, 723
"Firstborn among many brethren," 2790
fulfillment of the divine plan, 128
Mary the Mother of Christ, 508-09
mediator of creation, 291-92
purposes of Christ s coming, 217, 456-60
support and guardian of the whole world, 320, 703
what Son of God signifies, 441-45

nature of Christ

body, 476-77
divine nature, 211, 447
heart of Christ, 478
human knowledge, 472
human nature, 470-78, 481-82
human will, 475
intellect, 482
Resurrection confirms the divinity of Christ, 653
Son of the living God, 153
submission to the Father, 536, 539, 606, 2600, 2824
true God and true man, 464-69, 480-82

spirit of Christ

acting according to, 2752
action of, 2832
apostles and, 1120
kingdom and, 2832

Christ's titles

advocate, 519
amen, 1065
Anointed One, 453
bread of life, 1338, 1406, 2837
center of the angelic world, 331, 333, 351
center of Christian life, 1618
center of Scripture, 112, 117, 122, 124, 126, 129, 133-34, 139, 158
Christ, 436-40, 453, 486, 629, 690, 695, 727, 745, 783, 1289
example, 564, 896, 1477, 2740, 2825, 2862
example of love, 782, 1616, 1825
example of purity, 2345, 2348, 2394
first-born of humanity, 381, 2790
fulfillment of the Father's will, 2824
fulfillment of the Scriptures, 2763
head of the People of God, Head of the Body, 747, 753, 782, 792-95, 807, 947, 1698
heart of catechesis, 426-29
intercessor, mediator, way to God, 51, 65-67, 257, 294, 2574, 2634
Jesus, 430-35, 452, 2666
judge, 1051, 1059
King, 783, 786, 908, 2105
Lamb of God, 608
liberator of man from sin, 360, 420-21, 549, 976, 981-82, 987, 2637
life, 2697

light of nations and of men, 280, 748, 1243
living, 625-26, 640, 662
Lord, 202, 209, 446-51, 455, 668-69

master of prayer, 2601, 2607-15, 2621, 2674, 2707, 2722, 2759, 2765-66, 2773, 2775
master who teaches, 108, 561
messenger of the Kingdom, 567, 865
Messiah, 440, 453, 547
mystery of salvation, 774
new Adam, 359, 411, 504
the one and only Mediator, 65-67, 480, 667, 771, 846
the only Word of Sacred Scripture, 101-04
our peace, 2305
physician of souls and bodies, 1421, 1458, 1484, 1503-05, 1509
Priest, 783, 1141
prophet, 783, 904
purpose of the Law, 1953, 1965, 1977
reconciliation of God with the world, 433, 620, 1449, 2795, 2839
Redeemer, 401, 616, 622, 679, 1026, 1069, 1235, 1476, 1992
Resurrection and life, 994
Revelation of the Father, 73, 221, 238-42, 2798
Revelation of God, 50, 53, 151, 240, 272, 385, 2583, 2812
Sanctification of men, 2813
Savior, 389, 846, 1019, 1359, 1507, 1584, 1741, 1846
sent by God, 422, 437
Servant, 565, 608, 623
shepherd of men, 160, 754
Son of David, 439, 559
Son of God, 423-24, 441-45, 454, 1286, 2783
Son of man, 440, 460
source of evangelization and of preaching, 49, 74-76
source of grace, 1642
source of hope, 1820
temple of God, 1197
truth, 2466
vine, 755, 2074
the way that leads to the Faith, 2609
Word, 241, 456-60

CHRISTIAN: A name derived from that of Christ himself. The name refers to all those who have been anointed through the gift of the Holy Spirit in Baptism; hence, the followers of Christ, the members of the Christian Church. According to Acts 11:26 "it was in Antioch that the disciples were first called Christians" (1289).

CHRISTMAS: The feast of the Nativity, the birth of Jesus (1171).

CHURCH: The name given the "convocation" or "assembly" of the People God has called together from "the ends of the earth." In Christian usage, the word "Church" has three inseparable meanings: the People that God gathers in the whole world; the particular or local church (diocese); and the liturgical (above all Eucharistic) assembly. The Church draws her life from the Word and the Body of Christ, and so herself becomes Christ's Body. In the Creed, the sole Church of Christ is professed to be one, holy, catholic, and apostolic.

angels as a help to the, 334-36
calls men to ordained ministry, 1578
commandments of the, 2041-43
family as the "domestic Church," 1655-58, 2204, 2685
filial spirit of Christians toward the, 2040
"holy and without blemish," 1426
Mary and her office in the mystery of the, 963-72, 973
Mary, Mother of the Church, 963
the missionary, 849-56
"Outside the Church there is no salvation," 846-48
perfected in glory, 769, 1042
as the seed and beginning of the Kingdom, 541, 669, 764, 768
as a visible edifice, 1180, 1185-86, 2691
as a way to obtain God's pardon, 1478-79

attributes of the Church, 750, 811, 865

one, 813-22

because of her source, her Founder, her soul, 813
bonds of unity, 815-16
the Church s mission seeks unity, 855
diversity in unity, 814, 818-19
Eucharist as the sacrament that strengthens the Church's unity, 1416
seeking unity by the unity already given, 820-22
wounds to unity, 817

holy, 823-29

evangelical counsels as a help to holiness, 1986
the Holy Church clasps sinners to her bosom, 825, 827, 1428
Holy Spirit as the source of holiness, 749
made holy with Mary, 829
sanctified by Christ, 823-24
soul of holiness and charity, 826

catholic, 830-56

by Christ's will, 831
each particular Church as the Catholic Church, 823-35
meaning of the word, 830
mission as a requirement of the Church's Catholicity, 849
relations with churches that are not, 838

apostolic, 857-65

nature of the Church, 863
succession of bishops in the place of the apostles, 862
successors designated by the apostles, 861
three meanings of, 857

the Church and those who are non-Christians, 839

bond between the Church and non-Christian religions, 842-44
the Church open to men scattered and led astray, 845
necessity of the Church to obtain salvation, 846-48
relations of the Church with Muslims, 841
relations of the Church with the Jewish people, 839-4
the Church and society
the Church as the safeguard of the transcendent nature of the human person, 2245
the Church's moral judgment in political, economic, and social matters, 2246, 2420
political community and the Church, 244-46
the Church as communion
of charisms, 951
of charity, 953
with the dead, 958
as the deepest vocation of the Church, 959
of faith, 949
of God and men, 2790
with Jesus, 787-96
priestly community, 1119
sacrament of Communion in the liturgy, 1108
of saints, 946-48, 953
with the saints, 954-57
spiritual goods of the communion of saints as the Church s treasury, 1476
the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ
building up of the Church, 872, 1123, 2003
catechesis and the Church, 4
charisms and the Church, 800
Christ as head of the Church, 1548
Christians as members of the Church, 521, 790, 953, 960, 1267, 1396, 1988, 2045
the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ, 774, 776-77, 779, 787-96, 805-07, 1396
consecrated men and women and the Church, 917
dead and the Church, 958
the Holy Spirit and the Church, 1105-06, 1111, 1353
human illness and the Church, 1508
liturgy and the Church, 1070, 1140, 1187-88
sacraments and the Church, 774, 1116, 1123, 1267, 1279, 1621, 2040, 2782
unity, diversity, and mission of the members of the Church, 873-74, 947
make-up of the Church
apostles as foundation stones of the, 642
Christ and His presence in the, 1380
Christ as head and origin of the, 669, 874
Christ provides the gifts and ministries of the, 794
Christian faithful in the, 897-913
hierarchical structure of the, 771, 874-87
ordained ministries cannot be substituted for in the structure of the, 1593
religious and consecrated life, 914, 916 (see also Life: consecrated life)
ministry of governing
authority of governing the Church, 553
cooperation of the Christian faithful, 911
collegial and personal nature of ecclesiastical ministry, 877-78
as a ministry of service, 876, 894-95
office of the Ecumenical Council, 884
office of the episcopal college, 883, 885
office of the individual bishops, 886
office of the Supreme Pontiff, 882
pastoral office of Peter, the apostles, and bishops as the foundation of the Church, 881
ministry of sanctifying
bishops and priests as stewards, 893, 1118-20
God sanctifies in Christ, 790, 805, 947, 1076, 1082, 1084, 1110-12
means of sanctifying, 893
ministry of the word, 2031, 2038
prayer, 2558, 2655
mystery of the Church
the Body of Christ, 787-96
foundation of the truth, 171
guardian of the deposit of faith, 171
historical and spiritual reality, 770-71
kingdom of priests for God, 1546, 1591
Mother and Teacher, 2030-46
place where each Christian fulfills his vocation, 2030
place where we know the Holy Spirit, 688
reconciled world, 845
and sacrament, 774-76
sacrament of the mission of Christ and the Holy Spirit, 738
seed and beginning of the Kingdom of God, 541
sign of heavenly Jerusalem, 117
spouse of Christ, 796
temple of the Holy Spirit, 797-98
in the union of men with God, 772-73
universal sacrament of salvation, 849
offices of the Church
accomplishing the Church's mission in the world, 767, 2044-45
accomplishing evangelization and catechesis, 7
being an example of Christian holiness, 2030
being the people of God, 781-86
concern with the temporal aspects of the common good, 2420
conversion as an uninterrupted duty, 1428
forgiving sins, 827, 979-83, 1442, 1478
guarding the deposit of faith, 84, 97, 175
preserving apostolic preaching in a continuous line of succession, 77
proclaiming the Paschal mystery, 571
professing the faith, 172-75
professing faith in Christ's kingship, 2105
professing faith in one God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, 152, 258, 738
safeguarding the faith, 168, 171, 173
sanctifying men, 824
serving God, 783-86
teaching

authority of the Ecumenical Council, 891
authority of the episcopal college and the Supreme Pontiff, 891, 2035
authority extended to natural law, 2036
catechesis and preaching, 2033
the Church, Mother, and Teacher, 2030-46
lay faithful in the ministry of teaching, 906
Magisterium of the Church, 85-87 (see also Magisterium)
ministry of teaching as the service of the Word of God, 86
necessity of teaching in the faith, 2037
proclaiming salvation, 2032
significance of the term "teaching office," 890
social doctrine, 2419-25
Supreme Pontiff and the bishops as authentic teachers, 888, 2034

watching over and interpreting the Word of God, 119

origin of the Church
apostles as foundation stones of the Church, 642
beginning of the Church, 124, 763, 766-67, 1185
Christ as the living stone of the Church, 552
inaugurated by Jesus Christ, 763-66, 874
Peter, the rock on which the Church is built, 552, 881
in the plan of the Father, 759, 761
prefigured from the world's beginning, 760
prepared in the Old Covenant, 761-62
revelation of the Church on the day of Pentecost, 767, 1076
the particular Church and the universal Church, 879, 886
bishop as the head and responsible for the particular Church, 1369, 1560, 1594
each particular Church as the Catholic Church, 832-35
Eucharist as center of the life of the particular Church, 893
parish and the particular Church, 2179, 2226
priestly ordinations and the particular Church, 1572
priest's responsibility for the particular Church, 1595
those responsible for, 1594-95
traditions of the faith and the particular Church, 83, 174, 192, 1202
what the particular Church signifies, 833
symbols and figures of the Church
building, 756
figures, 507, 710, 753, 967, 2679
Jerusalem which is above, 757
Mary, figure of the Church, 507, 967, 972
meaning of the word "Church," 751-52
Mother, 169, 507 , 757
olive tree, 755
sheepfold and flock, 754
teacher of the faith, 169
temple of God, 756

CIRCUMCISION: The rite prescribed in Judaism and other cultures which involves cutting off the foreskin of a male. Circumcision was a sign of the covenant between God and his people Israel and prefigured the rite of Christian initiation in Baptism. Jesus was circumcised eight days after his birth in accord with Jewish law.

Jesus', 527
Old Covenant and, 1150

COLLEGIALITY: The principle that all the bishops of the Church with the Pope at their head form a single "college," which succeeds in every generation the "college" of the Twelve Apostles, with Peter at their head, which Christ instituted as the foundation of the Church. This college of bishops together with, but never without, the Pope has supreme and full authority over the universal Church (861, 880, 883).

COMMANDMENT: A norm of moral and/or religious action; above all, the Ten Commandments given by God to Moses. Jesus summarized all the commandments in the twofold command of love of God and love of neighbor (2052).

conscience and, 1777
disobeying God s command and sin, 397
faith and, 2614
five precepts of the Church, 2041-43
God s will as our, 2822
keeping, 348, 1050
Law of the Gospel and the commandment of love, 1974
liturgy and commandment of Christ, 1341
Magisterium of the Church and, 2033
Magisterium and its authority in relation to the precepts of natural law, 2036
observance of the holy days of obligation, 2180-81, 2185
proclaiming of salvation as a mandate given to the Church, 849, 2032
purposes of the commandments of the Law, 578
recognizing the precepts of divine law, 1778, 1960
revelation of the Decalogue, 2071
right to be instructed in the divine saving precepts, 2037
transgression of the commandments the Law, 577

commandment of love

charity, 1822, 1889
charity as Christ s new commandment, 782, 1823, 1970, 2074
Decalogue as a statement of the commandments, 16, 1697, 2067
evangelical counsels and, 1973-74, 1986
as the first commandment, 575, 1337, 2055
keeping Christ's commandments, 1824
love of God, 2083-2195
love of neighbor, 2196-2557

Old Law and, 1968, 1984-85

Decalogue

confession and, 1456
conscience and, 1962
Creed and, 1064
demands and obligations of, 2054, 2067, 2072-73, 2081
disobeying and sin, 1853, 1858
division and numbering of, 2066
eternal life and, 2052, 2075
evangelical Law and the, 1968, 2053, 2074
as a gift from God, 2060
God s will expressed, 2059, 2063
happiness as the ultimate end of, 16
importance of, 2065, 2076, 2078
interpretation and understanding of, 2055-56, 2061, 2077
keeping of, 2052-53
natural law and, 1955, 2049, 2070-71, 2080
necessity of, 2071
Old Covenant and, 2057, 2060-62, 2077
Old Law and, 1980
purposes of the, 2063
Sacred Scripture and, 2056-63, 2078
significance of, 1724, 1962, 2033, 2057
significance of the word "Decalogue," 2056, 2058
synopsis of the Ten Commandments, 2051-52
tables of, 2058
the Ten Commandments

     first, 2084-2141
     second, 2142-67
     third, 2168-95
     fourth, 2197-2257
     fifth, 2258-2330
     sixth, 2331-2400
     seventh, 2401-63
     eighth, 2464-2513
     ninth, 2514-33
     tenth, 2534-57 

tradition of the Church and, 2064-68, 2078

unity of, 2069, 2079

COMMANDMENTS OF THE CHURCH: See Precepts of the Church.

COMMUNION: Holy Communion, the reception of the Body and Blood of Christ in the Eucharist (1382). More generally, our fellowship and union with Jesus and other baptized Christians in the Church, which has its source and summit in the celebration of the Eucharist. In this sense, Church as communion is the deepest vocation of the Church.

among men, 357, 775, 1445, 1702, 2419
between the divine persons, 267, 738, 1693
between man and woman, 371-72, 383, 2331-32
of the bishop with the Christian faithful, 84, 1301
catechesis and communion with Christ, 426
of charisms, 951
of charity, 953
the Church and (see Church)
of the Church of heaven and earth, 954-59
with the dead, 958, 1684, 1689, 1690
ecclesial communion

  and the family, 2204-05
  and schism, 2089
  and sin, 1440, 1446, 1448, 1455

Eucharistic (see Eucharist)
in faith, 154, 185, 188, 949, 1102, 1209
friendship as spiritual, 2347
of the Holy Spirit, 734, 1097, 1108-09,
liturgy and, 1071, 1136
of man

  with Christ, 533, 725, 787, 790, 1331
  with the divine persons, 259, 732, 737, 850, 1107
  with God, 27, 45, 54, 154, 613, 780, 1489, 1804
  with the mysteries of Jesus, 519-21

prayer as, 2565, 2655, 2682, 2689, 2713, 2799, 2801
of the sacraments, 950
sacraments at the service of, 790, 1126, 1533-35
of spiritual goods, 949, 952
of the Supreme Pontiff with the bishops, 85, 100, 816, 892, 895 

COMMUNION OF SAINTS: The unity in Christ of all the redeemed, those on earth and those who have died. The communion of saints is professed in the Apostles' Creed, where it has also been interpreted to refer to unity in the "holy things" (communio sanctorum), especially the unity of faith and charity achieved through participation in the Eucharist.

diverse spiritualities and, 2684
intercession as an expression of, 1055, 2635
significance of, 1331

CONCUPISCENCE: Human appetites or desires which remain disordered due to the temporal consequences of original sin, which remain even after Baptism, and which produce an inclination to sin.

the Commandments and, 2529, 2534
fight against, 978, 1264, 1426, 2520, 2530
of the flesh, 2514, 2520
Law and, 1963, 2542
meaning and kinds of, 2514-15
original sin and, 376, 400, 405
purification of the heart and, 2517, 2530
sin and, 1869

CONFESSION: An essential element of the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation, which consists in telling one's sins to the priestly minister. By extension, the word confession is used to refer to the Sacrament of Penance itself (1455).

CONFIRMATION: One of the ensemble of the Sacraments of Initiation into the Church, together with Baptism and Eucharist. Confirmation completes the grace of Baptism by a special outpouring of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, which seal or "confirm" the baptized in union with Christ and equip them for active participation in the worship and apostolic life of the Church (1285-1321).

age for receiving, 1307-08
apostolate of the laity and, 900, 941
character of, 698, 1121, 1304-05, 1317
New Law and, 1210
preparation and purposes for, 1309
priesthood of the Christian faithful and, 1546
salvation and, 1286-92
significance of, 1289
state required for receiving, 1310, 1318-19
who may receive the sacrament of, 1306-11
witness and, 2472
Confirmation and the sacraments

  Christian initiation and, 695, 1212, 1275, 1285, 1533

effects of Confirmation

  increase of baptismal grace, 1303, 1316
  indelible character of, 1304-05, 1317
  the outpouring of the Spirit, 1302
  the Seal and, 698, 1121

Rite of Confirmation, 1297-1301

  anointing, 695, 1242, 1291, 1294, 1300, 1523
  celebration separate from Baptism, 1233, 1290, 1321
  to be conferred only once, 1304
  godfather and godmother, 1311
  handing over of the Lord's Prayer, 2769
  Holy chrism, 1297
  laying on of hands, 1288
  minister of, 1312-14, 1318
  signs and rites of, 1293-1301, 1320

CONSCIENCE: The interior voice of a human being, within whose heart the inner law of God is inscribed. Moral conscience is a judgment of practical reason about the moral quality of a human action. It moves a person at the appropriate moment to do good and to avoid evil. An examination of conscience is recommended as a preparation for the reception of the Sacrament of Penance (1776-1802).

authority and, 1903
conduct, choices, and, 1786-89, 1799
conversion and, 1435, 1453, 1797, 1848
definition and significance of, 1776, 1778, 1795
divine law and, 1706, 1776, 1778, 1786-87
erroneous judgment and, 1790-94, 1801
faith and, 160, 162, 1802
forgiveness of sins and, 1454, 1468, 1493, 1496
formation of, 1783-85, 1798, 1802
hearing the voice of, 1779, 1800
human dignity and moral, 1700, 1780, 2524
judgment of, 1777, 1800
mass media and the formation of, 2496
moral reparation and duty of, 2487
morality of human acts and, 1749, 1751, 1796 (see also Human act; Morality)
prudence and, 1806
refusal to bear arms for reasons of, 2311
responsibility for acts and, 1781
right to act in accordance with, 1786-89, 1799, 1907, 2106, 2242, 2256
right to act in freedom of, 1782
rights, duties, and conscience, 912
salvation and, 847
sin and offense against right, 1849, 1860, 1865
voice of, 33, 46, 1706, 1776, 1779, 1795, 2071

CONSECRATED LIFE: A permanent state of life recognized by the Church, entered freely in response to the call of Christ to perfection, and characterized by the profession of the evangelical counsels of poverty, chastity, and obedience (914). See Vow.

CONSECRATED VIRGINS: Women who have decided with the Church's approval to cling only to the Lord and to live in a state of virginity "for the sake of the kingdom of heaven" and are consecrated in that state by a solemn rite (922-924).

CONSECRATION: The dedication of a thing or person to divine service by a prayer or blessing. The consecration at Mass is that part of the Eucharistic Prayer during which the Lord's words of institution of the Eucharist at the Last Supper are recited by the priestly minister, making Christ's Body and Blood--his sacrifice offered on the cross once for all--sacramentally present under the species of bread and wine (1352, 1353).

and the anaphora, 1352
and anointing, 1294
of bishops, 1556-59, 1562
and blessing, 1672
and Holy Orders, 1538
of Jesus, 438, 534
of the laity, 901
and mission, 931-33
and the priesthood of Christ, 1548
and sacraments, 1535
of the sacred chrism, 1297
and the state of consecrated life, 916, 931
of virgins (liturgical rite), 923

CONTEMPLATION: A form of wordless prayer in which mind and heart focus on God's greatness and goodness in affective, loving adoration; to look on Jesus and the mysteries of his life with faith and love.

the Church and, 771
Eucharist and, 1380
man s contemplation of God, 1028
man s contemplation of Jesus, 2715
prayer and, 2651, 2687
of sacred icons, 1162

CONTRACEPTION, ARTIFICIAL: The use of mechanical, chemical, or medical procedures to prevent conception from taking place as a result of sexual intercourse; contraception offends against the openness to procreation required of marriage and also the inner truth of conjugal love (2370).

love of spouses, a mind open to life, and birth regulation, 2370
regulation of births and, 2399

CONTRITION: Sorrow of the soul and hatred for the sin committed, together with a resolution not to sin again. Contrition is the most important act of the penitent, and is necessary for the reception of the Sacrament of Penance (1451-54).

CONVERSION: A radical reorientation of the whole life away from sin and evil, and toward God. This change of heart or conversion is a central element of Christ's preaching, of the Church's ministry of evangelization, and of the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation.

accomplishment of, 1435
call to, 160, 545, 981, 1036, 1428
catechumenate leads conversion to maturity, 1248
Christian initiation and, 1229
conscience and, 1797
erroneous judgment and lack of, 1792
evil as a way to, 385, 1502
fragility of human nature and, 1426
gift of the Holy Spirit, 1098, 1433
grace and, 1991, 2000, 2010, 2027
of heart and the prophets, 2581-84, 2595
of heart and Sermon on the Mount, 2608
human presumption and, 2092
interior conversion essential to social change, 1886-89, 1896
John s baptism of conversion, 720, 523, 535
justification and, 1989, 1993
the kingdom and, 1470, 2612
necessity of conversion of the heart, 821, 1430-33, 1856, 1888, 2608-09, 2708
Old Law and, 1963
penance and, 1422-23, 2042
prayer and, 2708, 2731, 2754, 2784
process of conversion and repentance, 1439
rejection of, 591
of St. Paul, 442
of St. Peter, 1429
sin, conversion, and purification, 1472, 1486, 1856
sources of, 1436-37
various forms of penance and, 1430-32, 1434
visible effects of, 1430, 1440
what is necessary for, 1490, 1848

COUNCIL, ECUMENICAL: A gathering of all the bishops of the world, in the exercise of their collegial authority over the universal Church. An ecumenical council is usually called by the successor of St. Peter, the Pope, or at least confirmed or accepted by him (884).

COUNSEL: See Evangelical Counsels; Gifts of the Holy Spirit.

COVENANT: A solemn agreement between human beings or between God and a human being involving mutual commitments or guarantees. The Bible refers to God's covenants with Noah, Abraham, and Moses as leader of the chosen people, Israel. In the Old Testament or Covenant, God revealed his law through Moses and prepared his people for salvation through the prophets. In the New Testament or Covenant, Christ established a new and eternal covenant through his own sacrificial death and Resurrection. The Christian economy is the new and definitive Covenant which will never pass away, and no new public revelation is to be expected before the glorious manifestation of our Lord Jesus Christ.

New

altar and, 1182
apostles as priests of, 611, 859, 1337
Christ as the definitive covenant of God, 73
Christ as the sole priest of, 662, 1348, 1365, 1410
Christ s death as the Paschal sacrifice of, 613
Church and, 759, 778, 796, 839, 840
cup of, 612
Eucharist and, 610, 611, 1339, 1365, 1410, 1846
Jesus circumcision as a sign of, 527
Old Law and, 577, 1964, 2056
place of worship and, 1179
prayer in, 2565, 2607, 2614, 2771, 2787, 2801
prophets and expectation of, 64
sacraments and, 1091, 1116, 1129, 1222, 1541
Sunday worship and, 2176

Old

Abraham and, 72, 992, 2571
Commandments and the meaning of, 2061-63
Decalogue and, 2057, 2077
God and the Covenant with His people, 238, 781, 1102, 1612, 2058
heart as the place of, 2563
Law and, 346, 709, 2060-63, 2070
liturgy and, 1093, 1156
man called to a Covenant with his Creator, 357
offering of bread and wine and, 1334
permanent value of, 121
prayer and the Covenant between God and man, 2564, 2567, 2569, 2713, 2795, 2829, 2841
prefigurations and, 1217, 1223, 1544
preparations for Christ in the Covenant, 522, 762
priesthood and, 1539, 1542, 1544
sabbath as a sign of, 2171
signs and symbols of, 1145, 1150-52, 1334
Sinai Covenant, 62, 204, 2810

COVETOUSNESS: A disordered inclination or desire for pleasure or possessions. One of the capital sins, it is proscribed by the ninth and tenth commandments (2514, 2534).

CREATION: The act by which the eternal God gave a beginning to all that exists outside of himself. Creation also refers to the created universe or totality of what exists, as often expressed by the formula "the heavens and the earth"

Apostles Creed and faith in God the Creator, 325-27
beauty and goodness of, 299, 341, 353, 1333
catechesis about, 282-89
Christ s relationship with, 792, 2105, 2637
fulfillment of, 668, 1015
God keeps in being, 421
God as the master builder of, 317, 337
God s plan and, 257, 280, 315, 759, 1066
God s providence and, 216, 301, 314
God s revelation and, 287-89, 337
good of creation intended for all, 299, 2402, 2452
Holy Spirit and, 243, 291, 703
human dignity and, 1700
human work as man s collaboration in, 2427, 2460
imperfection of, 302, 307, 310, 378
as an inheritance entrusted to man, 299
knowing God through, 31, 32, 1147, 2500
man s relationship with, 343, 355, 396, 1469
marriage in the order of, 1603-05
new creation in Christ, 315, 374
original sin and, 400, 1608
prayer and, 2569, 2793
purposes and reasons of, 293-94, 314, 319, 353, 358
respect for the integrity of, 354, 2415-18
role of the Word of God in, 291, 320
seventh day and, 2169, 2190
significance of, 326
thanksgiving to God for, 1352, 1359-60
Trinity and, 258, 290-92, 316

CREED: A brief, normative summary statement or profession of Christian faith, e.g., the Apostles' Creed, the Nicene Creed. The word "Creed" comes from the Latin Credo, meaning "I believe," with which the Creed begins. Creeds are also called Symbols of Faith.

Apostles Creed, 194, 196, 2558
baptismal creed, 189
change throughout the centuries, 192-93
component parts of the Creed, 190-91
composition of the Creed, 186
God in the Creed, 199
meaning of the Creed, 188
Nicene Constantinopolitan Creed, 195
of the profession of faith, 187, 192
reciting the Creed, 197

CROSS: The instrument of execution on which Christ died; a symbol of the unique sacrifice of Christ as sole mediator between God and man. Jesus invited his disciples to take up their cross and follow him, in order to associate with his redeeming sacrifice those who were to be its first beneficiaries. Catholics begin their prayers and actions with the Sign of the Cross "in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen." A devotional cross with the figure of Jesus suspended on it is called a "crucifix".

as the altar of the New Covenant, 1182
Christ s reign extended by the way of, 853
effects of the sacrifice of, 617, 813, 1505, 1741, 1992, 2305
Eucharist as the ever present sacrifice of, 1323, 1364-66, 1382
kingdom of God established through Christ's, 550
kingship of Christ and, 440
responsibility for the pain of, 598
sacrifice of the Cross and acceptance of it, 561
sacrifice of the Cross as an example of solidarity and charity, 1939
Sign of the Cross

beginning of the day and of activities with, 2157, 2166
sacramentals and, 1668, 1671
significance of, 1235

taking up and bearing one's own, 1435, 1460, 1615, 1642, 2029, 2427
as the way to follow Christ, 555, 1816
as the way to holiness, 2015
 

Back To Catechism Index


Jesus Explained The Eucharist The Day After Feeding The 5000

"Amen, amen, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you do not have life within you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him on the last day. For my flesh is true food, and my blood is true drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me and I in him." John 6:53-56

 

Jesus Gave Us The Eucharist For All Time The Night Before He Died

"While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, "Take and eat; this is my body." Then he took a cup, gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, "Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins. " Matthew 26:26-28

 

Today Some Cannot Accept The Gift Just As It Was In The Time Of Jesus

"'But there are some of you who do not believe.' Jesus knew from the beginning the ones who would not believe and the one who would betray him. And he said, 'For this reason I have told you that no one can come to me unless it is granted him by my Father.' As a result of this, many (of) his disciples returned to their former way of life and no longer accompanied him. Jesus then said to the Twelve, 'Do you also want to leave?' Simon Peter answered him, 'Master, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life.'" John 6:64-68

 

Jesus Explained That Eternal Life Is Gained Through The Spirit - Not Through The Flesh

Jesus' Flesh And Blood Are Of Divine Nature (Spirit) And Not Of This World (Flesh)

"It is the spirit that gives life, while the flesh is of no avail. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and life.John 6:64-68

 

It's NOT Just Bread And Wine - It's NOT Just Crackers And Grape Juice

Jesus Gave Us The Eucharist To Nourish Us Until He Returns

Come Home To HIS Church And Accept HIS Holy Flesh And Blood

 

"Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me." Luke 10:16

 

 

 

 

Do Not Reject HIS Church

Do Not Reject HIM

 

COME HOME AND LEARN THE TRUTH

 

 

 

 

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Automated Translation From English - Always Rely On The Church For Complete Understanding

 

 


My objective in building this site is to spread the truth of the Christian Faith - the truth of the Catholic Faith. Many of our brothers and sisters are misinformed or have no knowledge about our Catholic Faith. If you find this site useful and informative, please provide a link. What I profess is freely available to all. Join the evangelization effort of the new millennium. All scripture references are taken from the New American Bible, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, 3211 4th Street, N.E., Washington, DC 20017-1194 (202) 541-3000 - December 09, 2002 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops June 03, 2003 Copyright © by United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. Copyright © of some material on this site is held by other parties.

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